Kraton Ngayogyakarta

06 Dec, 2020 02:53 WIB | Districts Kota Yogyakarta | 241 views
Kraton Ngayogyakarta

Visiting Yogyakarta feels incomplete if you haven't stopped by one of the famous destinations in the city, Karaton Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat, or popularly known as Keraton Yogyakarta.

It is a palace complex located in the city of Yogyakarta, Special Region of Yogyakarta, Indonesia, or precisely in Jalan Rotowijayan Blok No. 1, Panembahan, Kraton District, Special Region of Yogyakarta.

It can be accessed by cars, taxi, bus and local transports like becak and andong. Riding a becak or Andong - a horse-drawn cart - are the fun way to explore Keraton Yogyakarta area while experiencing a glimpse of Yogyakarta’s city vibe with its warm-hearted locals.

Keraton Yogyakarta itself is the seat of the reigning Sultan of Yogyakarta and his family. The complex is a center of Javanese culture, and contains a museum displaying royal artifacts. It is guarded by the Yogyakarta Kraton Guards.

Keraton Yogyakarta was first built in 1755–1756 during the reign of the first Sultan of Yogyakarta, Hamengkubuwono I, as a part of Treaty of Giyanti. It was positioned in the center, facing directly north towards the majestic Mount Merapi, while its south side was built facing the Indian Ocean, believed to be the abode of Kanjeng Ratu Loro Kidul, the Queen of the South Seas.


Most of the current palace was built by Sultan Hamengkubuwono VIII (who reigned from 1921 to 1939), and was rebuilt after earthquakes in 1876 and 2006.

There are seven core complexes inside Keraton Yogyakarta, namely Siti Hinggil Ler (North Hall), Kamandhungan Ler (North Kamandhungan), Sri Manganti, Kedhaton (it’s Sultan’s residence), Kamagang, Kamandhungan Kidul (South Kamandhungan), and Siti Hinggil Kidul (South Hall). In addition, the Palace has various cultural heritages in the form of ceremonies and ancient and historic objects.

One of the interesting highlights inside Keraton Yogyakarta is The Hamengku Buwono IX museum. It holds a collection of memorabilia and significant items that belong to the late father of the currently reigning Sultan Hamengku Buwono X, who is also the Governor of the Special Region of Yogyakarta until this day.

There are also painting museums, a regalia museum, and a royal carriage museum where you can find many beautiful royal carriages that have specific names and interesting historical value. They are also used for special occasions such as the royal wedding ceremonies.

On the other hand, the Keraton Yogyakarta is also a customary institution complete with customary stakeholders. Therefore it is not surprising that there are philosophical values as well as mythology surrounding the Yogyakarta Palace. On this basis, in 1995 the Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat Palace Complex was nominated to become a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


Well, talking about the Kraton, it's incomplete if you don't mention Tamansari, which is also the first building that was built during the early days of the Yogyakarta Sultanate.

Be founded on top of an umbul (spring) known as Umbul Pacethokan, Tamansari was originally built for the recreational needs of the royal family and various other functions, such as defense functions and religious functions.

This park is nicknamed the Water Kasteel because of the pools and water element that surrounds it. Also known as The Fragrant Garden because of the fragrant trees and flowers planted in the gardens around the building.

In the past, the Tamansari complex occupied an area of ??10 hectares and consisted of 57 buildings. Now this complex has significantly reduced in size, most of it being used as a residence by residents after the big earthquake collapsed its buildings. Some of them are now preserved as tourist objects.

However, Tamansari, who had been left in ruins, is now starting to put on makeup. Even though it is squeezed by people's houses, the remaining buildings await visitors who want to peek at the splendor of the king's garden from the past.

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