Area Prambanan Ratu Boko

06 Dec, 2020 06:57 WIB | Districts Sleman | 390 views
Area Prambanan Ratu Boko

Candi Prambanan dan Candi Ratu Boko

You will never get bored of setting foot on one of the historical relics, which is closely related to the legend of an eternal love story, between Roro Jonggrang who asked Bandung Bondowoso to make 1000 temples, as a condition to marry him. Of course, it is the Prambanan Temple, which is magnificent and beautiful.

This one of the largest Hindu temples in Indonesia has been designated as a world heritage site by UNESCO since 1991. Located 17 km from the city of Yogyakarta, precisely in Prambanan Village, Bokoharjo District, Sleman, Special Region of Yogyakarta.

Prambanan Temple was built around the 9th century, by the king of the Sanjaya Dynasty, namely Raja Balitung Maha Sambu. This was confirmed by the discovery of the Syiwargrha inscription around Prambanan, which was written in 778 Saka or 856 AD, when it was the reign of Rakai Pikatan.

The construction of Prambanan Temple is a tribute to the Trimurti (three powers), the Creator God, namely Brahma, the Destruction God, namely Lord Shiva, and the Preserver God of Vishnu.

The original plan of Prambanan Temple is rectangular, which consists of an outer courtyard and three courtyards, namely Jaba (outer court) with an area of 39 m2. In the past, this courtyard was surrounded by rocks, but now only ruins remain. The middle (central court) is about 222 m2 wide, consisting of terraces. Furthermore, Njeron (inner court), the area is about 100 m2 with a height of 1.5 m from the surface of the top terrace. On the four sides there is the Paduraksa Gate.

When entering Prambanan Temple, at the edge of the temple you will see reliefs regarding the story of Ramayana, you can walk around to see the details. The Prambanan Temple complex consists of many temples, including three Trimurti Temples, three Wahana Temples, two Apit Temples, four Kelir Temples, four Patok Temples, and 224 Pewara Temples, which consist of four formations, namely 68 temples on the lowest terrace, 60 temples on the third terrace, 52 temples on the second terrace, and on the top terrace there are 44 temples.


The temple that is located in the north is Vishnu Temple, in the middle area there is the Shiva Temple, and in the south area is the Brahma Temple. In the eastern line, there are three temples known as Wahana Temple, located in front of it, because they are the vehicles of the gods.

Facing the Vishnu Temple, is the Garuda Temple. Candi Nandi or ox, facing Shiva. Meanwhile, the Angsa Temple is in front of the Brahma Temple.

Apart from being a tourist attraction that will rarely be taken out from the bucket list, Prambanan Temple is also used as a location for art performances. One of them is of course the famous Ramayana ballet which is regularly held (psstt...don’t forget to check the updated ballet schedule if you want to see the performance, OK?). In addition, there are also major musical performances that bring in domestic and foreign musicians too, using Prambanan Temple as a background, in order to present the sensation of watching a different concert.

It really is fascinating tracing the history of the eternal love story, while gazing at the beautiful panoramic view around Prambanan Temple.

Besides Candi Prambanan, there is another temple that also magnificent called Candi Ratu Boko.

Another famous temple in Yogyakarta after Borobudur Temple and Prambanan Temple is Ratu Boko Temple. Located above a hilly area, making Ratu Boko Temple offer a different beauty. The view of the majestic Mount Merapi, the majestic Prambanan Temple, and the stunning sunsets are inevitable.

If you are at Prambanan Temple, making a stop at Ratu Boko Temple is a must. The distance is only 3 km or about 15 minutes to get here. However, if you come from the city of Yogyakarta, then you need to head towards Jalan Raya Piyungan - Prambanan, No. 2, Gatak, Bokoharjo, Prambanan District, Sleman Regency. It is 17 kilometers away and will take about 42 minutes of travel time.

Ratu Boko Temple is often called Keraton Ratu Boko, because according to the legend, Ratu Boko site is a palace of Roro Jonggrang's father. Ratu Boko itself was built around the 8th century by Wangsa Syailendra. Has an area of ??about 25 hectares, is on a hill at an altitude of 196 meters above sea level.

At Ratu Boko Temple there is an inscription that is written in the pranagari letters, which is a characteristic of a kingdom influenced by the Buddha. The inscription named Abhayagiriwihara (a temple on a peaceful hill) was found in 792 AD. This further strengthens that Ratu Boko Temple was founded during the reign of Rakai Panangkaran.

The place is wide, consisting of several parts that you can explore more deeply. The entrance gate to Ratu Boko Temple is on the west side. However, you need to walk about 100 meters to reach the outer gate, then you will find a gate with three doors.

About 15 meters walking, you will meet Taman Gapura Ratu Boko, which is the main gate of the palace, where there is a paduraksa gate with five doors lined side by side on the left and right.

At Ratu Boko Temple, there is a temple called Candi Pembokoran. There’s a terrace of three meters high with an area of ??26 meters square. There are two terraces in Candi Pembokorean, the first one is not too wide, while the second terrace is like a grass platform veranda.


There are stairs on the west side, then there is an old well which is said to have a source of holy water on the southeast side.

Paseban or the place facing the king’s throne, is located south of the main gate. Built of andesite stone, with a height of 1,5 meters. In these ruins, there are 20 piles of stones, thought to be the foundation of pillars and the roof of the building. As well as four grooves which are thought to have once stood a guardrail.

Shifting slightly, about 20 m from Paseban. You are heading to the Pendopo or Pendapa area. In Javanese it means a living room or a roofed floor, which is usually at the front of the house. In the southeast wall area, there is a stone terrace that is still intact. At the end, there are three small temples that are designated as places of worship. The middle temple, which looks bigger in size, is used to worship Lord Vishnu, while the two temples beside it are used for worshiping Lord Shiva and Lord Brahma.

Now, it's time for you to walk towards the eastern part of the temple. Here stands the Keputren, which is the residence of the princesses. Inside the Keputren environment is divided into two areas marked with a stone wall, with one connecting door. You will find three ponds in square form. On the other hand, you will see eight round pools, which are lined up in three rows.


And don't forget to look forward to the sunset or sunset from Ratu Boko Temple, it is said that, here is one of the most beautiful.

Well, how was it? Can you feel and imagine how magnificent the residence or palace was at that time, after walking around the Ratu Boko Temple area?

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